The time and energy that you put into keeping your tree strong and healthy can all go to waste if you do not know the signs of potential diseases. There are a variety of illnesses that can attack your woody perennial plant. To keep your trees standing for years to come, we’ve compiled five of the most commonly seen signs in those affected by the disease. This way, you can give your tree the attention it needs and stop any further spreading.
Common Signs of Disease:
1. Bark Imperfections
When looking at the bark belonging to a healthy individual, there are generally little to no cracks present. If you see multiple cracks and holes that are relatively deep, hence this may be a sign of potential diseases. Tree bark that does not look normal may also be a result of bug infestation.
2. New Growth
As with any plant, new growth sounds quite positive. Don’t be fooled as this is not always the case. You may have noticed a fungus or mushroom growing along the trunk. This could allude to any damage or decay that is taking place. When a tree experiences decay, it is nearly always from the innermost regions. It is also important to note that mushroom growth paired with wood that is soft can be even worse.
3. Tree Branch and Limb Decay
Depending on the season and the area in which you live, dying branches might be a normal phenomenon. The trick is to look for branches that do not produce any leaves. They will not have a lot of bark attached. This duo is often a sure-fire sign that your woody perennial is exposed to a disease. Of course, this must happen in the correct seasons as a decrease in leaf production happens during certain times of the year.
4. Discoloration of Tree Leaves
Brown and yellow leaves are not uncommon in the fall season. It is not normal, however, to see foliage shift in color during other times of the year. Trees plagued with the disease are unable to produce healthy leaves in the appropriate seasons. If you witness this discoloration, take action.
5. Overall Architecture
Trees that are happy, healthy and strong generally grow in a vertical formation. Considering the competition of light resources for plants, trees need to grow upward in order to get enough food. Woody perennials that grow uneven or lopsided can hint that there is a greater problem. Make sure to look up the specific growth pattern of your individual species. Some trees can survive, even when tilted in this fashion.
Diseased Tree Care:
Depending on which disease your tree has, there is a multitude of ways in which to treat it. Those who have found fungus to be the culprit should research the appropriate fungal infection followed by the necessary fungicide. Preventing the spread of disease to the rest of the tree can be done through pruning. Removing branches that are diseased can keep the infection in check.
Looking over the common signs of disease in trees is crucial in keeping your perennial standing tall. If you do find that your backyard shade provider is experiencing some attack, take the necessary precautions to limit the amount of future damage. These woody plants are a great source of shade, hence protection and filtration. They do so much for our environment, so why not return the favor and protect them from diseases?